13 Oct Instruction Write a respond to the above Discussio
Instruction Write a respond to the above Discussion No More than 1 pages Week 8: Population Health and Primary Health Care (Leader week) COLLAPSE This week’s discussion topic is Population Health and Primary Health Care. I found an article, What you need to know about Ontario’s new model for health care,from CBC website regarding the health care changes in Ontario, which are currently in the process. Currently, in Ontario, one of six hospital beds are occupied by low-acuity patients who could be addressed through home care or community health care, and that number is about 4,500 (Crawley, 2019). Meanwhile, other patients are treated in the hallway. In order to provide competent care to patients with different acute level, local hospitals will be connected with some long term care facilities, home care agency and family doctors to provide constant care from hospital admission to post-discharge (Crawley, 2019). This change is called the biggest health care system reform in the recent 50 years. There have been some pilot projects called “bundled care” on a small scale, which have brought up some promising outcome and positive feedback from patients (Crawley, 2019). Patients felt supported after discharge from the hospital. Each patient was looked after post-discharge; the readmission rate dropped; the overall time in the hospital was shortened; patients reported the improvement of their health (Crawley, 2019). According to the Government of Canada (2012), “Population health is an approach to health that aims to improve the health of the entire population and to reduce health inequities among population groups.” As one of the social determinants of health (SDOH), health services should be distributed fairly and equally, which demonstrates the value of PHC: social justice and equity (Stamler et al., 2016). Social justice means distributing social benefits fairly and aim to eliminate the causes of inequities, whereas equity refers to fairly distribute health resources as per actual needs (Stamler et al., 2016). It proposed a solution to resolve disparities and inequities regarding health care distribution by Linking hospital, long-term care, home care and family doctors together. That creates a comprehensive health care net to meet the different level of needs of patients. Meanwhile, more people who need acute care could have the chance to be treated appropriately in hospitals. This process reflects the value of PHC: accessibility, public participation, health promotion, appropriate technology, and intersectoral collaboration or co-operation (Stemler et al., 2016). Accessibility means that health care is universal for all population and is delivered timely (Stemler et al., 2016). Public participation refers to people actively participate in their health care decision (Stemler et al., 2016). Health promotion means to increase people’s control over their health to improve their physical, mental and social well-being (Stemler et al., 2016). Appropriate technology means the appropriate health care model conforming to society’s social, economic, and cultural condition. Intersectoral collaboration refers to health care professionals from different disciplines work together to promote the public’s health and well-being (Stemler et al., 2016). This new model connects acute care in a hospital with community health care. Moreover, to the large extent, it emphasizes the importance of community health care, as the period of following up after discharge tends to be longer than initial treatment in hospital. From this angle, we can see community health care plays a big role in the health care system regarding promoting public health. Reference: Crawley, M. (2019).What you need to know about Ontario’s new model for health care. CBC. Retrieved from https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/what-are-ontario-health-teams-doug-ford-government-1.5035750 Government of Canada. (2012). What is the population health approach? Retrieved from https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/health-promotion/population-health/population-health-approach.html Stamler, L. L., Yiu, L., & Dosani, A. (2016.). Community health nursing Canadian perspective (4th ed.). Don Mills, Canada: Pearson Canada Inc.
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