19 Sep Aims and Objectives To review the effect of guided
Aims and Objectives To review the effect of guided imagery on pain. The common pain relieve offered by most healthcare providers is narcotic pain medication. Continuous use of narcotic pain medication can cause dependence and increased tolerance overtime. Guided imagery is an alternative to pain relieve by helping patients shift their focus on pain to a pleasant vision. Background Guided imagery has proved to reduce pain in patients after the postoperative period and also in certain ailments. Methods Multiple studies were reviewed to see determine the effect of guided imagery on pain. Seven studies on the effect of guided imagery after the postoperative period for procedures like tonsillectomy, adenoidectomy, orthopedic surgeries, progressive care unit patients, patients with fibromyalgia and in children with sickle cell. The studies included patients with varying ages from age 6 to 65 and older. Subjects for studies were selected from various fields including doctor’s office, progressive care units, oncology units and postoperative care units. Results The results of this review shows the importance of using guided imagery as an alternative method for pain reduction. From multiple studies, researchers found that patients self-reported a reduction in pain levels when provided with guided imagery techniques on progressive care units. Other researchers found the effects of guided imagery to reduced pain in older people after orthopedic surgery, same day surgeries and in children after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. Also, nurse-led guided imagery helps reduce pain oncology units and in children experiencing pain during sickle cell crisis. Out of seven studies, only one study on the use of guided imagery on patients with fibromyalgia did not show a direct effect on pain but it helped those patients with self-efficacy to manage pain. Conclusion The use of guided imagery is a great technique to reduce pain in different areas. It is a cheaper way of reducing pain in patients experiencing pain on different levels. More research must be conducted on the various types of pain in different kinds of patients, but this review provides enough evidence that guided imagery can be used on a larger scale.
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